BAR EXAM TEST OPTIONS
The Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) is coordinated by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) and consists of the MEE, the MPT, and the MBE as described below. The UBE gives test takers a portable score that they can use to practice law in the other states that have adopted the exam: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Iowa (February 2016), Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York (July 2016), North Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. Each state sets its own minimum passing score and testing requirements. More information can be found on the website: www.ncbex.org/exams/ube.
The NCBE also administers the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE), a two-hour, 60-question, multiple-choice ethics examination offered three times a year. It is required for admission to the bars of all but three U.S. jurisdictions: Maryland, Wisconsin, and Puerto Rico. Each state sets its own minimum score requirement. More information is available at www.ncbex.org/exams/mpre.
Non-UBE jurisdictions set their own testing and scoring requirements. To learn more about each state's requirements and subjects tested, visit the individual jurisdiction's page.
BAR EXAM COMPONENTS
Multistate Essay Exam (MEE) – The MEE consists of six 30-minute essay questions administered in a three-hour session. The following subjects may be tested:
• Business associations
- Agency and Partnership
- Corporations and LLCs
• Conflict of laws
• Constitutional law (Federal)
• Contracts (including Uniform Commercial Code (Sales) (Art. 2))
• Criminal law and procedure
• Evidence (Federal Rules of Evidence)
• Family law
• Federal civil procedure
• Real property
• Trusts and Estates
- Decedents' estates
- Trusts and future interests
• Uniform Commercial Code (Secured transactions) (Art. 9)
Some MEE questions may include issues from more than one area of law. Conflict of laws issues are embedded in the other MEE topic areas; they do not appear as stand-alone questions. Uniform Commercial Code issues may require the applicants to know the general principles and applicable definitions set forth in Art. 1. Complete subject matter outlines for the MEE are available on the website of the National Conference of Bar Examiners.
The MEE is administered in 26 jurisdictions: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Dakota, Northern Mariana Islands, Oregon, Palau, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
Multistate Performance Test (MPT) – The MPT consists of two 90-minute performance tests. User jurisdictions may select one or both MPT items to include as part of their bar examinations. Jurisdictions that administer the Uniform Bar Examination use both MPT items. It is administered in all but 15 jurisdictions. You can find more information and sample questions on the NCBE site.
Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) – The MBE consists of two three-hour sessions (100 multiple choice questions per session) and is required in every jurisdiction except Louisiana and Puerto Rico. The MBE tests the following subjects: Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Real Property, Torts, and Federal Civil Procedure. More information is available at www.ncbex.org/exams/mbe.
**Please see state bar websites to check the requirements of the state you are interested in, subjects tested if not listed above, and any MPRE requirements. You should regularly check your respective bar’s website for information and updates.